Studio Deluxe and PRO Front Loaders

Bailey Innovative Design

Bailey Studio Deluxe and PRO gas kilns are very similar in their innovative construction features.  It's just a matter of scale.

Bailey Kilns are massive, built from heavy tubular and structural steel. Take a closer look and you are immediately impressed by a multitude of outstanding innovative features.

What is common to all Bailey kilns is high energy efficiency.  Our forced draft burner system and efficient circulation patterns insure that you will have very low firing costs, even when compared to expensive high-velocity burner systems.

Bailey Gas Kilns are the by-product of logic and innovative thinking.  


Our unique down-draft design represents years of careful research. Every aspect of fuel efficiency, firing consistency and durability has been incorporated into each kiln. We can say quite confidently that there is no other kiln design that can provide such unparalleled performance.

Uniform Heat Distribution

The Bailey down-draft gives a unique 360 degree heat flow pattern. This flow pattern maximizes the absorption of the heat energy and dramatically reduces firing costs. You get uniform heat top to bottom, front to back, and side to side. Unlike venturi style downdraft kilns with burners coming through the floor, our forced air downdraft kilns offer ingenious internal adjustments to fine tune the path of the heat flow. By adjusting the placement and size of the target brick, we can optimize firing results for traditional pottery forms or sculpture. Just watch those cone packs drop evenly!

Uniform Atmospheres

The 360 degree heat travel also gives excellent control of the atmosphere. Whether you fire oxidation or reduction, atmosphere control is extremely simple. We take the mystery out of firing and make it easy to get perfectly consistent firing results. You can look forward to beautiful glazes in every part of your kiln.

Studio Deluxe and PRO Series

Studio Deluxe front loading kilns range in sizes from 8 to 31 cubic feet of stacking space. The Production front loading kilns range from 28 to 40 cubic feet of stacking space. Both Deluxe and Production kilns utilize the same Double Skin Ventilated Frame construction with stainless chimneys and vary only in their respective insulation profiles.

The Deluxe models have 4½” of insulating firebrick in the walls, floor and arch. This insulating profile is ideal for the small to medium size range of kiln because it offers an economical firing, and a cooling cycle that allows a reasonable turn around time. There would be no benefit to add insulation to this size range for typical stoneware firings.

The Production models have 6” of insulating firebrick in the walls and 6 ¾” in the arch. This insulating profile is ideal for medium to large kilns. The increase in insulation thickness is more in ratio to the thermal mass that is being fired. This is a more practical kiln for firing sculpture where the operator intends to fire longer schedules than the typical stoneware firings.


The air gauge manifold has continued to be improved and simplified. On most of our models, you only need one blower and one main control valve (red) to provide precise control of air flow to both main burners simultaneously.

kilnairmanThe air gauge (with needle indicator) reads out the air pressure. Instead of approximations, it is possible to make accurate correlations between gas pressure and air pressure, thus creating a base line for precision firing results.


Typically, gas kilns get extremely hot on the exterior surfaces. With the increasing risk of litigation, insurance companies are becoming more stringent regarding safety regulations. To reduce the risk of burns, Bailey Corporation developed the Double Ventilated Frame. With the Double-Skin, an air space is provided between the hot refractory bricks and the exterior sheet metal. Air can circulate through this air space, providing an exterior skin temperature (over the vast majority of the kiln) that can be touched without causing harm.


Typical mortared wall construction reduces the utility life of a kiln. Once a kiln is mortared as a continuous brick structure, large cracks will result from the expansion and contraction from each firing. There is no way to effectively repair the structure in this type of brick construction.


Instead of mortaring the brick walls, Bailey Deluxe and Production kilns are anchored together mechanically. In this way, each brick has an expansion joint which prevents cracking and greatly extends the life of the overall lining. Another benefit of this design is the ease of repair. If damage occurs, the anchors can be easily removed, the bricks replaced, and the kiln restored to new condition. By comparison, mortared kiln walls cannot be locally repaired.Stainless “L” anchors (inset into top surface of brick) secure dry stacked brick into steel framework.


Bailey kilns have heavy duty door latches with large comfortable knobs. They pivot out of the way to prevent collision with the refractory door seals


The Damper Control is constructed of insulated board which is coated in a dense ITC coating. A support shelf protects the damper board and provides a surface to mark draft increments. Damper shelf positioning will vary.


All of Bailey kilns include convenient built in burner port covers that will seal off the kiln chamber at the end of the firing. At the completion of a firing, the refractory covers track over the port area to prevent re-oxidation.


The Bailey DLX and PRO spy ports are designed for long life. Over time, spy ports can get worn away and enlarge from all the abrasion created from taking the spy plugs in and out over the years. With our hard refractory lined ports, this won't happen. You can depend on keeping the heat and fumes from leaking through.

Optional Venting for Deluxe and Pro Series


This innovation by Bailey provides the perfect solution for capturing reduction fumes that escape from the kiln and can pollute your indoor kiln room. Each hood draws the fumes back into the kiln so that it can be channeled into the Residual hood and away. Note: the flame you see is from a carbon trap firing. Normal reduction firing does not require an orange flame projecting.


The Residual SS hood provides the ultimate in efficient fume removal. Known in the industry as the “source-capture” technique, the residual fumes are removed from the environment before students or employees are exposed to noxious fumes.This hood extends well over the door seal area. Draft induction must be supplied to complete the system.


Working in conjunction with an adapted Combustion Hood, Bailey has innovated this new Burner Port Hood which captures and routes all flame and reduction by-products up into the combustion hood. This is the most effective way to prevent pollution in the kiln room!


The stainless steel combustion hood collects all the hot combustion gases and mixes them with ambient air from the kiln room. We produce various designs in hoods to meet the particular requirements of the kiln site. We will also engineer all your venting needs from the hood, to the insulated pipe (appropriate for kiln applications), flashing, and the final cap.

Optional Atmosphere and Process Controls


The Oxygen Probe is one of the most valuable pieces of gas kiln instrumentation to come along for the potter. This instrument accurately monitors the atmosphere in the kiln, and gives exact readouts (in digital form) as to the amount of reduction or oxidation present.

How many times have you been puzzled as to why a firing will not progress, or why the glazes did not turn out properly? With the Bailey Oxy Probe, you eliminate all the guess work.
Click Here


Bailey offers several controller options. The High Limit #1 provides a digital temperature readout and a temperature shut-off function that acts as a back-up to shut down the kiln. We also offer a "ramp/hold controller which can be used to bisque or preheat a glaze firing to body reduction.


This system includes a High Limit Controller, Soak Control Function, Ultra Violet Safety System, Fire Eye Controls, Thermocouple, Solenoids, and Automatic Ignition System.
The U.V. Scanners will shut down the kiln within several seconds if there is a flame-out. The soak control will hold the kiln at a given temperature for as long as you require. The ignition system will automatically light the burner manifold with the flick of a switch. if the burner goes out, it will relight the burner automatically. If re-ignition is not possible, then the entire system will shut down. Required for kilns over 40 cu. ft. stackable space, elective on all smaller models. Recommended for School situations.

Bailey “Advanced Logic” Gas Fired Reduction Kilns

Bailey has reinvented the automated reduction process and developed the most logical, easy to use, totally automated gas fired kiln.


How to Purchase Front Loading Gas Kilns

Because we feel that purchasing a kiln and options is an important decision for your business or school and we can offer much insight and advice to the process, we do not allow our kilns to be ordered on-line. We would prefer that you call our expert staff and be assured the best engineered system for your specific application. There are many options available to customize your purchase. Call (800) 431-6067.

Bailey Front Loading Deluxe & Pro Gas Kiln Specifications

The chart below lists some of our most popular sizes. We regularly alter our kilns to meet the specific needs of our customers. From an 8 cu. ft. front loading Studio Deluxe to a 40 cu. ft. Pro, we can build to whatever specifications you require. Call 1-800-431-6067 for a quotation.

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Studio Deluxe Series: Front Loading Gas Kiln Specifications

Code Model Stack Space (cu.ft.) Inside Dimen. WxDxH" Total Inside Volume Outside Dimen. WxDxH" Stacking Area WxDxH" Wall & Arch Bricks BTUs Cu.Ft. per HR Weight Approx. Gas Inlet
M-404-207 DLX FL 13/8 8 27 x 22.5 x 38.5" H 13 42.5 x 58 x 63" H 20 x 20 x 33 4.5" 132,000 120 CFH 1900 N=1" LP=3/8"
M-404-208 DLX FL 18/12 12 31.5 x 27 x 41.5" H 18 46.5 x 62 x 65.5" H 24 x 25 x 36 4.5" 160,000 145 CFH 2100 N=1" LP=3/8"
M-404-209 DLX FL 24/16 16 31.5 x 36 x 41.5" H 24 46.5 x 70 x 65.5" H 24 x 33 x 36 4.5" 187,000 170 CFH 2300 N=1 1/4" LP=1/2"
M-404-210 DLX FL 28/18 18 31.5 x 40 x 41.5" H 28 46.5 x 75 x x 65.5" H 24 x 38 x 36 4.5" 220,000 200 CFH 2500 N=1 1/4" LP=1/2"
M-404-210C DLX FL 18-C 18 36 x 36 x 46" H 32 50 x 74 x 72" H 28 x 28 x 41 4.5" 220,000 200 CFH 2600 N=1 1/4" LP=1/2"
M-404-20C DLX FL 20-C 20 36 x 36 x 51" H 36 50 x 74 x 77" H 28 x 28 x 46 4.5" 238,000 216 CFH 2700 N=1 1/4" LP=1/2"
M-404-038 DLX FL 34/22 22 31.5 x 40.5 x49.5" H 34 46.5 x 75 x 73" H 24 x 38 x 43.5 4.5" 250,000 227 CFH 2500 N=1 1/4" LP=5/8"
M-404-211 DLX FL 38/24 24 45 x 38 x 41.5" H 38 60 x 73 x 69" H 36 x 32 x 36 4.5" 238,000 216 CFH 3050 N=1 1/4" LP=5/8"
M-404-212 DLX FL 48/31 31 45 x 38 x 51" H 48 60 x 73 x 79" H 36 x 32 x 45 4.5" 250,000 227 CFH 3310 N=1 1/4" LP=5/8"

Specifications subject to change without notice. Consult with a Bailey representative before installing gas lines, building a kiln site, or any other preparatory stages in installing a kiln.

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PRODUCTION Series: Front Loading Gas Kiln Specifications

Code Model Stack Space (cu.ft.) Inside Dimen. WxDxH" Total Inside Volume Outside Dimen. WxDxH" Stacking Area WxDxH" Wall & Arch Bricks BTUs Cu.Ft. per HR Weight Approx. Gas Inlet
M-404-214 Production FL 28 28 49.5 x 36 x 46 H 44 67.5 x 76 x 77 H 36 x 32 x 41 6" 248,000 236 CFH 3800 N=1 1/4" LP=5/8"
M-404-215 Production FL 32 32 49.5 x 40 x 46 H 51 67.5 x 80 x 77" H 36 x 38 x 41 6" 330,000 300 CFH 4000 N=1 1/4" LP=3/4"
M-404-216 Production FL 40 40 49.5 x 40 x 54 H 59 67.5 x 80 x 88" H 36 x 38 x 49 6" 350,000 316 CFH 4400 N=1 1/4" LP=3/4"

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Studio Deluxe Furniture Kits:

These kits can be ordered in a specific style of shelf: Thermal Lite (rated to Cone 16) High Alumina, Nitride Bonded, or Oxide Bonded (rated to Cone 10) Corelite (rated for Cone 6)
Furniture Kits Studio 13/8 Studio 18/12 Studio 24/16 Studio 28/18 Kit 1 Studio 28/18 Kit 2 Studio 18-C Studio 20-C Studio 34/22 Studio 38/24 Studio 48/31
Shelf Sizes & Quantities (10) 10 x 20" (10) 12 x 24" (5) 12 x 24" (5) 18 x 24" (15) 12 x 24" (10) 18 x 24" (10) 14 x 28" (12) 14 x 28" (18) 12 x 24" or (12) 18 x 24" (24) 16 x 18" (28) 16 x 18"
Post Assortments (6) ea. of: 2,4,5,6,8 (6) ea. of: 2,4,5,6,8 (9) ea of: 1,2,3,4,6,8 (9) ea. of: 1,2,3,4,6,7,8 (9) ea. of: 1,2,3,4,6,7,8 (6) ea. : 2,4,6,7,8 (6) ea. 2,4,6,7,8 (9) ea. of: 1,2,3,4,6,8 (18) 2,4,6 (9) ea 7,8,9,10 (18) 2,4,6 (9) ea 7,8,9,10

Production Furniture Kits:

These kits can be ordered in a specific style of shelf: Thermal Lite (rated to Cone 16) High Alumina, Nitride Bonded, or Oxide Bonded (rated to Cone 10) Corelite (rated for Cone 6)
Furniture Kits PRO 28 PRO 32 PRO 40
Shelf Sizes & Quantities (24) 16 x 18 (24) 18 x 18 (28) 18 x 18
Post Assortments (18) 2,4,6 (9) ea., 7,8,9,10 (18) 2,4,6 (9) ea. 7,8,9,10 (18) 2,4,6 (9) ea. 7,8,9,10

Front Loading Kilns require one crate for shipment. There is a charge for crating.


Before you place an order, use this list to determine what accessories that you might require. Our staff will assist you in this process

  • Venting
  • U.V. Safety Systems
  • Kiln Furniture
  • Crating
  • Combustion Hood
  • Residual Hood
  • Oxygen Analyzer