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Glazes & Stains - Spectrum® Ceramic Stains 2000 Series

SUMMER SALE
Now! 25% off all Spectrum Glazes through August 31, 2014! - No Minimum
Shop on-line as you would normally and checkout. Our sales staff will deduct the discount from the List Price and send a notification by email with your adjusted total before charging your account or credit card if the cart amount does not reflect the sale price.

Spectrum Ceramic Stains
General Information
A relatively small group of chemicals are the building blocks of color for clay and glaze. Combinations of these have been used for years to develop a traditional, rather limited, pallet. Certain colors have historically proven illusive and inconsistent, or require handling very toxic materials to produce. Ceramic stains have been developed to broaden this pallet and produce colors previously considered 
unattainable in clay and glaze. These stains are, in fact, still comprised of the same materials; however, they’ve been combined, tested and fritted to insure reliable, repeatable colors. New technology has recently allowed Stain 

Manufacturers to produce even brilliant reds and oranges, stable to Cone 10 — colors previously unheard of — and in a considerably less toxic form than before.

Cadmium Encapsulation is a process in which, on a microscopic level, Cadmium is encapsulated within a Zirconium crystal. The resulting crystals are then “washed” to remove any Cadmium traces from their exteriors so that all is contained within. This creates a very stable Cadmium compound able to withstand temperatures as high as Cone 10 as well as Reduction atmospheres. This increased stability also means that less Cadmium is required in the stain to produce brilliant colors. Both the dry powdered stains and resulting fired products exhibit minimal Cadmium release. All glaze and clay formulas must be tested to determine their suitability for food service items. Stain manufacturers do not recommend ball-milling Cadmium Encapsulated stains - mix formulas containing these stains with a hand- or drill-type mixer only. Sieving is acceptable for these stains.


Ceramic Stains can be used to color glazes, underglazes, engobes, slips and clay bodies. The percentage of stain required in a formula may range from 1-15% depending on the depth of color desired: 5-10% is optimal for most applications. In general, stains are intermixable to create new colors or shades. Certain materials may interfere with stain color development. For instance: free Zinc in a glaze formula that a stain is added to or applied under or over, can interfere with the development of certain stain colors. Conversely, a percentage of Calcium Oxide is required to stabilize some stains for best color development. Please refer to the “Reference Codes” that accompany the Stain listings for best results. Remember, as with all ceramic materials, testing is the key to success.

Spectrum Stains
Spectrum Glazes, Inc. offers a beautiful pallet of carefully formulated and tested Ceramic Stains. Spectrum Stains are conveniently packaged in 4 Oz (113.5 gm.) and 16 Oz. (454 gm.) wide-mouth plastic jars with tight-fitting screw caps. These jars are perfect for both dry and liquid storage. Spectrum Stains are intermixable, for the most part, allowing endless variations of shade and color, however Stain #’s 2082, 2083, 2084, 2085 and 2090 should only be mixed with each other as they may not perform as expected when combined with the other colors.

To lighten any color, Spectrum suggests adding White Stain #2000 rather than reducing the percentage of color used to prevent a washed-out look. All Spectrum Stains are stable to Cone 6, many to Cone 10, and most will work in Reduction, but testing is recommended to determine the formulas and percentages necessary for success. All Spectrum Stains are Lead Free but NOT A.P. Non-Toxic. Like all other Ceramic Stains they carry a Health Label as an inhalation hazard. Any new formula that includes a Stain, or any existing formula changed by the addition of a stain, must be tested to determine if it is food safe.

Spectrum Stain Bases
A tremendous advantage of Spectrum over other Stain manufacturers is the availability of (2) Stain Bases that allow you to create custom Underglaze and Majolica colors instantly. Spectrum’s #1050 Underglaze Base and #1060 Overglaze/Majolica Base are formulated to provide a base media to which the 2000-Series Stains are added. Both Bases contain ingredients that make them brush-on smoothly and easily while keeping the Stains evenly suspended. They are a pleasure to work with, giving body and workability to your colors that a plain Stain + water mixture will never have.

#1050 Underglaze Base
#1050 Base contains some frit which acts as a flux resulting in an underglaze that may be applied to either greenware or bisque. For color intensity similar

to the 500-Series, mix 1 Part Dry Stain to 2 Parts Liquid Base (or 1/4 Lb. Stain to 1/2 Pt. Base). Deeper colors will require less Stain: more may be used if necessary - test to determine the correct proportions for your application and taste. The #1050 Base is rated to Cone 6 (refer to the Spectrum Stain Chart for of the 2000-Series Stains used with the #1050 Base at both Cone 06 and Cone 6). It can be fired up to Cone 10 but will begin to flux more. Testing is recommended!

#1060 Overglaze/Majolica Base
#1060 contains a little more frit to insure a good melt and a smooth glossy surface when applied over a low fire “Majolica” background glaze. Start testing at 1/4 Lb. Stain to 1/2 Pt. Base and adjust to suit. #1060 can also be fired to Cone 6 and higher, but the increased fluidity of High-Fire glazes used under the colors will cause design work to “move” and “run” more than at the low temperatures. Experiment with Satins and Mattes as background glazes at higher temperatures for interesting new effects. Testing is recommended!

With either Base, try combining more than one Stain, in various proportions, to equal the ¼ Lb. Stain that you add to ½ Pt. Base to create custom colors. Three important reminders:

  1. Mix Stain #’s 2082, 2083, 2084, 2085 and 2090 only with each other for best results.
  2. Add #2000 White Stain to lighten a color (rather than reducing the percentage of Stain) to avoid a “washed-out” look.
  3. Read and follow all Stain Reference Numbers and TEST!

 

Spectrum Stain Discounts:
Please note that individual prices for stains shown below and on other glaze pages are retail prices. After your order is placed on-line, we will contact you with the total of your order with your Bailey Discount applied. The more you buy, the more you save!


(1) Dinnerware safe. Contains no lead or cadmium ingredients. Certified AP Non-Toxic and conforms to ASTM D-4236

(2) Dinnerware safe. Contains some heavy metals and/or cadmium compounds but passes test for lead and cadmium release.

(3) Contains no lead or cadmium ingredients. May invite bacterial growth due to glaze fissures. Not recommended for surfaces which contact food or drink. Certified AP Non-Toxic.

(5) Dinnerware safe. Contains no lead. Contains encapsulated cadmium pigment. Certified AP Non-Toxic and conforms to ASTM D-4236.

A: A.P. nontoxic: refer to Raw Materials Advisory for definition. Bailey recommends glazes marked “(1)A” as most suitable for use with young children.

Ø K-6: These glazes carry an ACMI CL "Cautions Required" label. Although they may be Lead-Free, they are not AP Non-Toxic due to other material content and are restricted from school use with children from Pre-K thru Grade 6.

Warning none of these products should be taken internally; all contain ingredients not suitable for ingestion or inhalation.

STAIN BASES
Lead Free & A P. Non-Toxic

1050 Underglaze Base (1)A
Pint @ $9.00
Gal. @ $32.00
5 Gal. Pail @ $159.00

Size:

1060 Overglaze/ Majolica Base (1)A
Pint @ $10.00
Gal. @ $41.00
5 Gal. Pail @ $200.00

Size:

   
An Important Note:
Any glaze, underglaze,” Base”, etc. that is Lead-Free, A.P. Non-Toxic or Dinnerware Safe is labeled according to tests on its own individual formula; however, once anything is added to it (Stain, Oxide, Frit, etc.), a “new” formula is created which must be retested to determine its safety.
CERAMIC STAINS
Note: Lo-Fire (cone 06) stain samples are shown first with the Hi-Fire (cone 6) samples directly underneath. In each sample the upper left corner represents underglaze and the lower right corner is covered by a clear glaze. Please give ample time for all glaze samples to appear on your screen.

(composition key/reference code)

COMPOSITION KEY:

Al = Alumina Ox.
Ca = Calcium Carb.
Co = Cobalt Ox.
Cr = Chrome Ox.
Fe = Iron Ox.
Mn = Manganese Ox.
Ni = Nickel Oxide
Pr = Praseodymium Oxide

 


Si = Silicon Dioxide
Sn = Tin Oxide
V = Vanadium
Zn = Zinc Oxide
Zr = Zirconium Oxide
CdX = Encapsulated Cadmium
SeX = Encapsulated Selenium
REFERENCE CODES:

1 - Can be used as a body stain
2 - Max. Temp 1950º F
3 - Max. Temp 2300º F
5 - No Zinc in glaze
6 - May use with or w/out Zinc
7 - Zinc preferable but not necessary
8 - Zincless preferable
9 - CaO at least 7 percent in glaze
0 - Do Not Ball-Mill


2000 White 
(AlSiZr/3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $6.50
1 lb. @ $20.00

Size:


2001 Steel Grey 
(CoNiZr/3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $7.00
1 lb. @ $24.00

Size:


2002 Blue Grey 
(AlCoCrFeNiVZr/3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $7.00
1 lb. @ $24.00

Size:


2003 Iron Black 
(CrFe/3,5)
1/4 lb. @ $10.50
1 lb. @ $37.00

Size:


2004 Hi Temp Black 
(CoCrFe/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $9.50
1 lb. @ $32.00

Size:


2005 Cobalt Black 
(CoCrFe/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $11.00
1 lb. @ $37.00

Size:


2010 Coral 
(FeZr/3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $8.00
1 lb. @ $25.00

Size:


2011 Deep Coral 
(FeZr/3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $6.50
1 lb. @ $21.00

Size:


2012 Burnt Orange 
(AlCrFeZn/1,3,6,7)
1/4 lb. @ $4.50
1 lb. @ $11.00

Size:


2013 Golden Tan 
(AlCrFeZn/1,3,6,7)
1/4 lb. @ $5.00
1 lb. @ $13.00

Size:


2014 Honey 
(AlCrFeZn/1,3,6,7)
1/4 lb. @ $5.00
1 lb. @ $14.00

Size:


2015 Walnut Brown 
(AlCrFeNiZn/1,3,6,7)
1/4 lb. @ $6.00
1 lb. @ $17.00

Size:


2016 French Brown 
(CrFeZn/1,3,6,7)
1/4 lb. @ $6.00
1 lb. @ $18.00

Size:


2020 Bright Yellow 
(PrZr/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $9.00
1 lb. @ $30.00

Size:


2021 Zirconium Yellow 
(PrVZr/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $8.00
1 lb. @ $27.00

Size:


2022 Vanadium Yellow 
(PrVZr/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $9.50
1 lb. @ $32.00

Size:


2023 Mustard 
(FePrVZr/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $8.50
1 lb. @ $29.00

Size:


2030 Lime Green 
(PrVZr/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $7.50
1 lb. @ $23.00

Size:


2031 Chartreuse 
(PrVZr/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $7.00
1 lb. @ $21.00

Size:


2032 Bermuda 
(PrVZr/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $8.50
1 lb. @ $28.00

Size:


2033 Olive Green 
(AlCaCr/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $7.50
1 lb. @ $25.00

Size:


2034 Florentine 
(AlCaCoCr/1,3,6,8,9)
1/4 lb. @ $10.00
1 lb. @ $33.00

Size:


2035 Teal Green 
(CaCoCr/1,3,6,8,9)
1/4 lb. @ $9.00
1 lb. @ $30.00

Size:


2036 Peacock 
(CaCoCr/1,3,6,8,9)
1/4 lb. @ $14.00
1 lb. @ $49.00

Size:


2040 Turquoise 
(VZr/3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $7.50
1 lb. @ $23.00

Size:


2041 Sky Blue 
(AlCo/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $7.00
1 lb. @ $22.00

Size:


2042 Slate Blue 
(AlCoCrPrZr/3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $8.00
1 lb. @ $26.00

Size:


2043 Bright Blue 
(AlCo/3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $13.00
1 lb. @ $48.00

Size:


2044 Navy Blue 
(AlCo/3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $8.00
1 lb. @ $27.00

Size:


2045 Cobalt Blue 
(AlCoSi/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $17.00
1 lb. @ $63.00

Size:


2050 Peach 
(CrSnVZr/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $10.00
1 lb. @ $35.00

Size:


2051 Salmon 
(CrSnVZr/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $10.00
1 lb. @ $35.00

Size:


2052 Deep Salmon 
(CrFeSnZr/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $10.00
1 lb. @ $35.00

Size:


2053 Medium Pink 
(CrSnZr/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $8.50
1 lb. @ $29.00

Size:


2054 Rose 
(AIMnZr/3,6,9)
1/4 lb. @ $6.00
1 lb. @ $18.00

Size:


2055 Deep Pink 
(CrSn/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $10.00
1 lb. @ $35.00

Size:


2056 Deep Crimson 
(AlCoCrFeSnZr/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $10.50
1 lb. @ $35.00

Size:


2057 Lilac 
(CoCrSn/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $10.50
1 lb. @ $35.00

Size:


2058 Wine 
(AlCoCrFeSnZr/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $10.50
1 lb. @ $35.00

Size:


2059 Burgundy 
(CrSn/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $12.50
1 lb. @ $44.00

Size:


2060 Purple 
(CoCrSn/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $29.00
1 lb. @ $110.00

Size:


2061 Royal Purple 
(AlCoCrSn/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $12.00
1 lb. @ $42.00

Size:


2070 Flesh 
(CrSnVZr/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $6.50
1 lb. @ $19.00

Size:


2071 Taupe 
(FePrVZr/3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $9.50
1 lb. @ $33.00

Size:


2080 Manganese Pink 
(AlMn/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $5.50
1 lb. @ $15.00

Size:


2081 Lavender 
(AlCoMnSi/1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $5.50
1 lb. @ $16.00

Size:


2082 Nectarine 
(CdXSeXZr/0,1,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $11.00
1 lb. @ $40.00

Size:


2083 Dark Red 
(CdXSeXZr/0,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $13.50
1 lb. @ $50.00

Size:


2084 Bright Red 
(CdXSeXZr/0,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $13.50
1 lb. @ $50.00

Size:


2085 Bright Orange 
(CdXSeXZr/0,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $11.50
1 lb. @ $39.00

Size:


2086 Bright Green 
(PrVZr/3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $9.50
1 lb. @ $32.00

Size:


2087 Bright Purple 
(CoCrSn/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $31.00
1 lb. @ $120.00

Size:


2088 Dark Purple 
(CoCrSn/3,5,9)
1/4 lb. @ $31.00
1 lb. @ $120.00

Size:


2090 Orange 
(CdXSeXZr/0,3,6)
1/4 lb. @ $8.50
1 lb. @ $27.00

Size:

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